APA Style Paraphrasing
APA style is a writing format often used in academic and scientific writing. It dictates many things about how you write a paper and includes rules involving paraphrasing. The actual paraphrasing you do for an APA style paper is no different than any other paraphrasing. The text being paraphrased should be reworded and restructured without changing the meaning. The difference with APA style paraphrasing is in how you cite the reference material. Whenever you paraphrase a source, you must give credit to the original author, and there are numerous APA rules for how you should do this.
APA paraphrasing citation guidelines include:
- How to cite in-text and on a reference list
- How to cite from books, magazines, scholarly journal articles, web-pages and others types of resources. Each resource is different.
- How to cite if you paraphrase text from a book by one author or more than one author
To get an idea how to cite sources you have paraphrased, look at some APA paraphrasing examples and paraphrasing paragraphs examples.
Use APA Paraphrasing Examples to Learn How to Credit Resources
When using paraphrased material in an APA style paper, keep the following in mind:
- Sources should be cited in two places. There will be an in-text citation and also a reference page citation.
- Citations on the reference page should be listed alphabetically by the author’s last name.
Look at an APA paraphrasing citation example from the same type of resource as you are using to see how you should write out your citation. You won’t learn how to cite a website if the example you look at is referencing a book.
The Following Is an APA Paraphrasing Example:
Original – To the extent that a woman’s self-image is challenged or threatened by an unattainable ideal of an impossibly thin female physique, she may well become susceptible to disruption of her self-regard, and may be more likely to develop an eating disorder.
Paraphrase – If a woman interprets the media’s representation of thinness as the ideal she must achieve, her sense of self-esteem might be threatened and even damaged, making her more likely to exhibit disordered eating patterns (Polivy and Herman, 2004, p. 2).
Citation on reference page – Polivy, J., and Herman, C. P. (2004). Sociocultural idealization of thin female body shapes: An introduction to the special issue on body image and eating disorders. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 23, 16. doi:10.1037/00332909.134.3.460
Original – The self-image of a woman is threatened or challenged by an unachievable concept of getting an impossibly thin feminine figure. As a result, she may turn out to become susceptible towards disruption of her self-respect, and may end up developing an unhealthy eating disorder.
Paraphrase – If a woman views thinness of the female physique as depicted in the media, comparing it with the concept that she wants to attain, there is a high likelihood that her self-respect may dwindle down, which may ultimately result to making wrong decisions such as resorting to unhealthy eating patterns (Herman & Polls, 2007, p.3).
Original – Research has discovered that “couples keep both realistic and biased views of what a core relationship entails: physical attraction” (Singh & Freud, 2013, p.345).
Paraphrase – Singh & Freud (2013) has discovered that “couples keep both realistic and biased views of what a core relationship entails: physical attraction” (p.345).
Original – In the same way that Sherlock Homes work on a case, a professional psychologist need to evaluate all data before making a conclusion (Barn & Wise, 2014, pp.32-33).
Paraphrase – Barn & Wise (2014) suggested that professionals in the field of psychology should evaluate all information before making a conclusion. (pp. 32-33).
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