Quoting, Summarizing and Paraphrasing
Quoting, summarizing and paraphrasing are important writing skills. In this post, we’ll share when to use each of them and what to remember.
What Is Quoting, Summarizing and Paraphrasing?
- Quoting: It is copying or repeating the same group of words from a speech or text. Usually, it comes with an indication that the writer isn’t the original speaker or author.
- Summarizing: It is giving a brief statement of the main ideas or points of something.
- Paraphrasing: It is to express the meaning of a speaker or writer or that of something spoken or written with different words in order to achieve better clarity.
Guidelines for Paraphrasing, Quoting and Summarizing
- Summarize if it is long.
- Avoid excessive quoting!
- summarize or paraphrase in the experimental social sciences and sciences.
- Quote only when the exact words are important in the qualitative social sciences and humanities.
- You are looking to express the author’s idea but it does not have to be the author’s language
- You want to integrate information from charts, graphs and tables
- The quoted words are your primary evidence
- A secondary source supports your claim and is written by an important authority
- You want an overview of a source’s main ideas or points
- You want an authority on the topic to support your ideas
Note: Always refer to the source of your quotation, paraphrase and summary in any text you are writing. If you don’t, you may be in trouble for plagiarism. This is a no-no in writing and you should avoid committing it by learning how to paraphrase, quote or summarize.
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