Quoting, Summarizing and Paraphrasing
Quoting, summarizing and paraphrasing are important writing skills. In this post, we’ll share when to use each of them and what to remember.
What Is Quoting, Summarizing and Paraphrasing?
- Quoting: It is copying or repeating the same group of words from a speech or text. Usually, it comes with an indication that the writer isn’t the original speaker or author.
- Summarizing: It is giving a brief statement of the main ideas or points or something.
- Paraphrasing: It is to express the meaning of a speaker or writer or that of something spoken or written with different words in order to achieve better clarity.
Guidelines for Paraphrasing, Quoting and Summarizing
- Summarize if it is long.
- Avoid excessive quoting!
- summarize or paraphrase in the experimental social sciences and sciences.
- Quote only when the exact words are important in the qualitative social sciences and humanities.
- You are looking to express the author’s idea but it does not have to be the author’s language
- You want to integrate information from charts, graphs, and tables
- The quoted words are your primary evidence
- A secondary source supports your claim and is written by an important authority
- You want an overview of a source’s main ideas or points
- You want an authority on the topic to support your ideas
Note: Always refer to the source of your quotation, paraphrase, and summary in any text you are writing. If you don’t, you may be in trouble for plagiarism. This is a no-no in writing and you should avoid committing it by learning how to paraphrase, quote or summarize.
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When Should You Paraphrase a Quote?
When you quote somebody directly, you are using their words exactly as they were spoken. An indirect quote is a paraphrased version of what somebody originally said. You are using your own words to say the same thing they did. A paraphrased quote should still be attributed to the person who originally said it, just as you would give credit if you quoted them directly. There are a number of different reasons you may want to paraphrase a quote rather than using a direct quote including:
- Sometimes a paraphrased quote may suit the style and flow of your writing better than the original if quoted directly.
- To clarify what the original words mean so that your audience understands.
- To demonstrate that you understand the quote and what the original speaker/writer meant.
- When a quote is long or awkward, paraphrasing can improve the wording without losing the meaning.
- To better understand how to paraphrase a quote, it can be helpful to look at a paraphrase quote example.
Use a Paraphrase Quote Example to Learn How to Write Indirect Quotes
Most instructors prefer papers that aren’t fully loaded with quotes. Learn how to use indirect quotes so that you can mix up the way you use quotes when writing. The following are some basic guidelines for paraphrasing quotes:
- Make sure you completely understand the quote and what it means before attempting to paraphrase it.
- Look for the key point or idea in the quote. This makes it much easier to use your own words to convey the same idea.
- Use an example of paraphrasing a quote to get a better idea of how to paraphrase quotes in your own writing.
To show how to paraphrase a quote, examples of some paraphrased quotes are shown here:
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